I talked about the context of the site in Part 1; now we’ll have a look at the site itself..  Given the effort required to procure the debris from the closest site, it is most likely that the debris was produced at Göbekli Tepe itself. Now as Gobekli Tepe is overwhelmed with tourism, the little known site of Karahan Tepe is finally grabbing the world’s attention. (619), Schmidt interprets the images on the pillars as “art” and as religious symbols . [Göbekli Tepe, Şanlıurfa]. I think this sand was dumped by The Flood and that this is a pre Flood city. In other words, Göbekli Tepe was built in a period in history where according to archaeologists and mainstream scholars, people were not developed to the point where they could achieve these intricate projects. Evidence found at the site shows that it was used for religious purposes. Being “different” is no sign of being on target. Tying Göbekli Tepe to Islam may be a way of connecting modern Turkish culture with the land's pre-Turkic, pre-Islamic past. Those who have are really tired of all this schmooze over. The site has been interpreted as a worship center / temple complex. In the program, the narrator states that no stone cutting tools have been found in the 13 years of excavation of the site. We have no idea what happened here or what the builders intended. More depressing is Schoch’s new claim that Göbekli Tepe was the site of a literate civilizations some 8,000 years before the first systems of writing. Have a definition for Gobekli Tepe ? It’s whining. Retrieved from. How could you make a definitive statement knowing that there is another 95% that can be known but is not, unless there is an agenda or bias. Rather, the point is that it’s a thesis that exists and must be taken seriously — as opposed to jumping to conclusions and turning Gobekli Tepe into Eden (perhaps Atlantis would be a more appropriate analogy). These columns are sometimes set into the wall of the enclosure, but are more often found in the center. … The carvings were found on a pillar known as the Vulture Stone (pictured below) and show different animals in specific positions around the stone. Did you order the code red?" Banning asserts that it is more likely that the debris came from either a small group of permanent inhabitants at the site that was frequented by visitors, or that the site was home to a large residential population that produced the debris themselves. Göbekli Tepe was the first temple made by mankind. Looking south, one can see the border of Syria, which was once part of ancient Mesopotamia, or the Fertile Crescent. The site has been partially excavated, mainly through the efforts of Klaus Schmidt working for the German Archaeological Institute. However, we should look at these ruins with a sense of amazement – look at what humans are capable of achieving when they work together. The findings at the site and interpretations thereof are preliminary, as only approximately 5% has been excavated.. The point here is not that Banning’s alternative thesis has won the day. And yes, it’s whining to then lament “persecution” by the academy.  Boars, foxes, a leopard, wild asses, and a multitude of other taxa have been identified in bone matter found at Göbekli Tepe, all animals also represented in carvings.. The b... alloon tours will start hovering over the outstanding 12,000-year-old Göbeklitepe complex, located 15 kilometers from the southeastern province of Şanlıurfa, as the first test drives have successfully been completed, locals said on Sept. 23. Göbekli Tepe, a most ancient and Oldest temple complex. Gobekli Tepe was first examined—and dismissed—by University of Chicago and Istanbul University anthropologists in the 1960s. Schmidt, K. (2000). what is far more interesting is the sand it is (said to be) buried in, some think this was a deliberate burial act by it inhabitants as they left town and are puzzled. (2011, September 6). Gobekli Tepe in Turkey is one hell of a site, and that is about the only thing everyone can agree on. Banning goes on to argue that the population may have been housed in the purported temples themselves. Their study of the three oldest stone enclosures at Göbekli Tepe has revealed a hidden geometric pattern, specifically an equilateral triangle, underlying … This propensity is something that crops up all the time in discussions of fringe archaeology. That's my wild speculation, anyway. With respect to the claims made on Ancient Aliens in Season 2, Episode 8, stone cutting tools have been found and are well-documented. Actually the Greens largely left I the 1920s after the failure of the Greek army to take Istanbul. Many archaeologists suggest that the sanctuary held religious sacrifices, due to the butchered animal bones collected. He also believed that the reliefs present on the limestone pillars were too ornate and that the columns were too massive for a mere residential use. The columns in the middle of the enclosures of Layer III are typically taller than those on the border of the structures. “The presence of this evidence suggests that the site was not, after all, devoid of residential occupation, but likely had quite a large population,” Banning said. Göbekli Tepe is an archaeological site found in the southeast of Turkey. Whoever built Göbekli Tepe were certainly not hunter/gatherers. . Visiting the ancient ruins of Gobekli Tepe, Turkey, the oldest complex religious archaeological site discovered, from around 10,000 BC. Göbekli Tepe is an archaeological site located at the top of a mountain ridge in south-eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. How to visit Gobekli Tepe.  This discounts the idea that Göbekli Tepe could be evidence for an ark, as no non-native species are present in the reliefs. Fringe researchers were quick to label it the original Eden. The site quickly became known as the Turkish Stonehenge in the popular media.  He believed that the resources surrounding the site could not support a community of hunter-gatherers. At around 12,000 years old, Göbekli Tepe in south-east Turkey has been billed as the world’s oldest temple. It is associated with Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB). True, they aren’t infallible, but they are overwhelmingly correct because they reflect people familiar with the sum total of factual knowledge within a discipline. An Over-Educated Grunt . First uncovered in 1994 by a local shepherd in Turkey, Gobekli Tepe contains megaliths weighing 7 to 10tons and stands 18 feet high. The Sanliurfa city council have put on a bus that leaves 3 times a day to and from Sanliurfa. Stonehenge: the stone mason and his craft. Banning’s article shows that there is an abundance of such domestic contexts and artifactual materials from those contexts. Dietrich, O., Köksal-Schmidt, Ç., Notroff, J., & Schmidt, K. (2013). It is not the “oldest” man-made structure in the world – it is only one of many.  Additionally, in response to the claim that the enclosures could not have been habitable because they did not have roofs, Banning points out that the columns could have structural purpose in supporting a roof. Though known earlier, excavation of the site first began in 1994 under German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt. Some locals claim Urfa is the birthplace of Biblical characters Abraham and Job. Additionally, at present, there is no source of water close to the site, which would be an impediment to the existence of a permanent residential community. Retrieved from. It is still possible that the site could bear a cult-like purpose, but more excavation needs to be done before any conclusions can be drawn. Such is the case of Gobekli Tepe which puts human history as we know it into question. I also suggest this in A Possible History of Life on Mars by Christine Erikson on amazon kindle, where I speculate that aliens are descended from humans modified by genetic engineering and the first ones were ascribed to the angels who in fact had no DNA to give, because born to the women the angels mated with, also used in experiments to help interests of human leaders wanting super soldiers and so forth, and the aliens we see now descend from those offworld when The Flood hit. Carbon dating firmly establishes its age at 12,000 years old – 7,000 years older than Stonehenge. Many of Schmidt's claims regarding the cult purpose of Göbekli Tepe can be addressed with the preliminary nature of the excavations. Four circular enclosures have been excavated, and a number of rectangular enclosures from a later time period have also been excavated. A Preliminary Report on the 1995-1999 Excavations. The dating of the materials found in the enclosures would also need to be forged, or the site would need to be salted with artifacts from the same location and same time period. Nevalı Çori is a similar site located east of Göbekli Tepe, though it is slightly more recent than Layer II. Göbekli Tepe is an archaeological site found in the southeast of Turkey. Establishing a Radiocarbon Sequence for Göbekli Tepe. The humans inhabiting or visiting the site left some refuse that has been discovered thus far, including the remains of plants and animals. Regarding Howe's apparent wonder that humans in this time period could erect large stone pillars, there is a breadth of studies that show the feasibility of moving much larger stones than those found at Göbekli Tepe.. The Göbekli Tepe Research Project is an interdisciplinary long-term project addressing the role of early monumentality in the origins of food production, social hierarchisation and belief systems as well as questions of early subsistence strategies and faunal developments in Neolithic Anatolia, Turkey. Ancient stone carvings confirm that a comet struck the Earth around 11,000BC, a devastating event which wiped out woolly mammoths and sparked the rise of civilisations. Discovered in modern-day Turkey, and still yet to be fully excavated, it dates to a baffling 12,000 years old. If someone isn’t willing to even try peer review, they are afraid. It’s also believed that the site was backfilled by hand because the megaliths are covered with thick layers of soil. ©Rae West 7th Feb 2013 This version slightly updated for spurious film set speculation 2016-09-18, 20 'Exorcist' suggestion 14 Dec 2020 [ Click for Index to all my general interest items collected in one file Click for Home page of … Attempting to impose ancient aliens on the site is an attempt to delegitimize the accomplishments of the humans living in this area. . Gobekli Tepe is 12 kilomters N/E of Sanliurfa. The problem is that other archaeologists who have now gone through the dig material don’t believe the site is a slam dunk for a temple complex. He claims that one stone reads “God of … It is mainly comprised of erosional sediments. 1/10/2017 10:39:06 pm. Having published under peer review (and some stuff out of the mainstream), I can say with complete certainty that you don’t know anything about peer review. not sure who this was intended for. Thanks for your insight on this archeological topic. Jason Martell appears on the show to claim that the enclosures may have been built to be viewed from above, and that "who could have been flying at that time, other than extraterrestrials?"  There is strong evidence for the relative ease with which humans can erect large stone monuments using rudimentary tools, so the assertion that only extraterrestrials could have sculpted and moved the pillars is false. The area around the site had long been earmarked for further investigation, as its dome-shaped hill bore all the signs of a “tell”, a mound created as a result of the deposits of ancient settlements. If anything, a discovery by Israeli archaeologists suggests the Göbekli Tepe construction project was even more complex than previously thought, and required an amount of planning and resources thought to be impossible for those times.  Radiocarbon dating of charcoal found in the four enclosures currently being excavated show that Layer III dates back to approximately 9990 to 9250 BCE, with charcoal samples from Enclosure D appearing to be slightly older than Enclosures C and A.. In modern times, it was rediscovered in 1963 during a survey conducted by Istanbul University and University of Chicago. Schmidt, K. (1998). Therefore, the idea that the site is a fabrication by the Turkish government is completely unreasonable. The German Archaeological Institute, the home-base of the Göbekli Tepe Project (excavations and research conducted by the Orient and Istanbul Departments in close cooperation with the Şanlıurfa Haleplibahçe Museum, funded by the German Research Foundation), is celebrating its 190th birthday.. Write it here to share it with the entire community. You can’t listen to these so called experts graham Hancock proved this theory, you need to think outside the box nobody can say what this is 95% is still to be unearthed these so called experts can’t not even tell us the truth about Egypt they no they just don’t want to admit that all there achievements all the qualifications are worthless history must and has to be rewritten this is a point of fact not fiction human civilisation deserves better truth we can not keep putting our own personal spin on things let it speak for itself. . Göbekli Tepe, Southeastern Turkey. For the Turkish government or people to fabricate the site, they would require the cooperation of the international teams working on Göbekli Tepe. Gobekli tepe hoax. indeed, each home could have had its ritual component. State of Research and New Data.  Also, the amount of debris required to fill the site would require massive amounts of time in transporting the debris from another site. Curry, A. Layer II follows Layer III and manifests in the form of smaller rectangular structures. This is not only a matter of identifying evidence of ritual activity but of identifying in what ways, if any, it can be distinguished from the “ordinary” activities of daily life that we associate with residential or “domestic” use. The cheapest way to get there is by public transport. Calling Gobekli Tepe a temple is simply bad scholarship. Add Definition. Each enclosure excavated to date contains multiple T-shaped limestone columns set into the interior walls of the structures. Survey Work in Southeastern Anatolia. Yet it seems unlikely that those who came up with a plan to counter the innate fear of another cataclysm (something that visionary and writer Barbara Hand Clow so aptly calls catastrophobia) were the indigenous population. [He] insists that “no serious claim for domestic use [of the buildings] . Lastly, he combs through the excavation records from Gobekli Tepe, pointing out the site yields evidence of domestic occupation. Layer I is the surface layer. That is the real lesson here. Interpretations and Pseudoarchaeological Narrative, Teomancimit. (2008, November). True temples were houses of gods — not domiciles for the general population. This paper explores the case of Gobekli Tepe, a large Pre-Pottery Neolithic site in Turkey that its excavator claims consisted only of temples, to illustrate weaknesses in some kinds of claims about Neolithic sacred spaces and to explore some of the problems of identifying prehistoric ritual. I currently work on a shipboard missile program for the Navy. The site was initially described in a 1963 survey as follows: The "cemetery" noted in this survey refers to the large T-shaped pillars in the site, which were partially exposed but not yet excavated. Radiocarbon dating of Layer II using humic acid from soil samples gives that Layer II dates back to 8880±60 BCE.. Regarding the claim that aliens constructed the site, there is evidence of quarrying for the limestone in the area surrounding Göbekli Tepe, indicating that humans constructed the site. An interesting characteristic of Göbekli Tepe is that the enclosures seem to have been intentionally backfilled.  The site has been partially excavated, mainly through the efforts of Klaus Schmidt working for the German Archaeological Institute.  Further analysis of the drainage patterns and weathering of the limestone tiled floors of the structures could also provide answers as to the presence or absence of roofs in the enclosures.. The Göbekli Tepe Hoax. Following from the hypothesis that similar columns are present in the unexcavated enclosures, more than 200 total columns may exist in Layer III. (2011, September 6). Wow, what a pole of megalith sized babs, that certainly stretched my 'Sphinx'ter! [its] circles range from 30 to 100 feet in diameter and are surrounded by rectangular stone walls about six feet high. Erected within circular “temple” structures, the latest excavations have revealed that these structures likely covered the entire hillside and could number as many as 20 in total. Animals in the symbolic world of Pre-Pottery Neolithic Göbekli Tepe, south-eastern Turkey: a preliminary assessment. Ideas need to be probed and tested by panels of people who know a field of knowledge very well — as opposed to what happens in pseudo-archaeology and other pseudo-research: an idea is subjected to no one with field knowledge, and is therefore (somehow) deemed worthy of consideration just because it exists in someone’s head. Gobekli Tepe, which is actually a complex comprised of many temples, may have been the first temple in the world made by man. .” and that the Gobekli structures are “without fireplaces, ovens, or other usual traces of “domestic life.” (623). Many claims were made about the origins of the site. None of the carvings at Göbekli Tepe indicate any belief in extraterrestrials, and the vast majority of the carvings have been identified as fauna in the area. Erected within circular “temple” structures, the latest excavations have revealed that these structures likely covered the entire hillside and could number as many as 20 in total. (2011). The 2003 Campaign at Göbekli Tepe (Southeastern Turkey). Alone the logistics of the thing suggest a organised society. If it’s me, I have no idea what it means. This seems unlikely and reaching, as there is nothing particularly impressive about the site from above as opposed to the site from human eye level. Nevalı Çori gives an interesting comparison to the enclosures at Göbekli Tepe; the structures at Nevalı Çori are evidently residential, with one religious structure. . why would you assume peer reviews are incorrect? The 12,000 year old Göbekli Tepe, in south-eastern Turkey, is the world’s oldest megalithic site. After its discovery in 1963, excavation began in 1994, but so far only five per cent has been unearthed. Gobëkli Tepe - Turkish Delight, or Turkey's Archaeological Turkey? It’s circular structures are unique in that: . The abstract of the actual article puts it this way: Archaeologists have proposed that quite a number of structures dating to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic A and B in southwest Asia were nondomestic ritual buildings, sometimes described specifically as temples or shrines, and these figure large in some interpretations of social change in the Near Eastern Neolithic. Banning proceeds to discuss the evidence for domestic ritual, ritual symbolism, and art in previously-known neolithic sites. So until the other 95% is uncovered and multiple researchers and scholars examine the evidence, we should stop trying to ascribe our biases to it. If you’re into archaeology, neolithic civilization, ancient religion and, of course, paleobabble, you’ve head of Gobekli Tepe. contrasting interpretations of Neolithic ritual space make it clear that archaeologists are far from agreed on how to identify specialized ritual spaces either in the Neolithic or more generally. He disagrees with the idea that the presence of decorative pillars or massive construction efforts means the buildings could not have been residential space. There are lots of ideas about what was happening there, depending on whom you ask. This page was last edited on 1 December 2017, at 13:28. Reliefs depicting animals are present on many of these columns. I'm an author and editor who has published on a range of … But in case not, Gobekli Tepe is an archaeological site in Turkey whose use dates back to the 10th-8th millennium B.C. If you’re not used to reading scholarly literature on archaeology, this doesn’t sound like much. Quite right you but you’ve got to admit he’s spot on that we were building alot longer than these archeologists have said the trouble is nobody will look at his papers and like you said he’s not an expert but neither are the archeologists who came up with the times dates in the first place if you think about it there theories were wrong they have done some exceptional work but to be wrong by almost 4 thousand years is not cricket everything that they based there time lines around there theory has a knock on affect we must look at everything else know nothing can be overlooked because some people might be offended when they are challenged they close rank that’s the real problem. Fortunately, a short write-up of Banning’s criticisms of the temple interpretation is available: “Archaeologist Argues World’s Oldest Temples Were Not Temples At All.” Here’s a telling summary: He outlines growing archaeological evidence for daily activities at the site, such as flintknapping and food preparation. , There are also claims that the whole site is a Turkish fabrication.. In addition to bulls, foxes, and cranes, representations of lions, ducks, scorpions, ants, spiders, and snakes appear on the pillars. .  The purported shrine at Nevalı Çori demonstrates "significant differences in design and internal features between these buildings and "ordinary" houses", in contrast to the structures present at Göbekli Tepe. It’s not Eden, like the fringe wants to claim. Gobekli Tepe (12,000 year’s old) Located at the highest point of the Germus range in the southeastern Anatolia region of Turkey is the mysterious site of Göbekli Tepe. Here all the evidence is certainly not in with only 5% of the site excavated. According to Schmidt himself, the site is 5% excavated. I have a great curiosity in many fields. There are far too many instances where an archaeologist has jumped to a conclusion. What peer review poppycock that’s all I can say the academics are in compleat denial they are seething frofing at the mouth they still haven’t even begun putting all the facts out there not because the evidence is to weak because it is to strong. ], Klaus Schmidt began to excavate the site in 1995. His ideas were published in Discussions in Egyptology, a well-known respected Egyptology journal. Amateur researchers seize on some site, assign a fantastic meaning to it, write a book that never undergoes peer review, make some cash, and then look for the next point of titillation amid the dirt and debris of antiquity. Many of the pillars are carved with elaborate animal figure reliefs. Gobekli Tepe: The World’s First Temple?. The fact that this site does indeed witness to neolithic occupation by a sizable number of people argues against it being a temple complex. In modern times, it was rediscovered in 1963 during a survey conducted by Istanbul. Schmidt believed firmly that Göbekli Tepe is the first known religious site. If that’s the case, it is arguable the oldest such complex discovered to date. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress, Revisiting Heiser’s Laws for Bible Study, Part 2. Beyond Daily Bread: Evidence of Neolithic Ritual from Göbekli Tepe. Similar T-shaped pillars found in the enclosures of Layer III are also present in Layer II, ranging from zero to six columns per structure. Retrieved from, Teomancimit. Göbekli Tepe is not a sanctuary; it is an ancient calendar. As the Global Heritage Fund website for Gobekli Tepe states: Göbekli Tepe is an Early Neolithic site of enormous significance, featuring 5-meter-high monolithic pillars carved in relief and dating to 10,000 or more years ago. Freestanding sculptures depicting the animals have also been found within the circles. Göbekli Tepe is an Early Neolithic site of enormous significance, featuring 5-meter-high monolithic pillars carved in relief and dating to 10,000 or more years ago. Peters, J. [Gobekli Tepe, Urfa]. Les blocs de Göbekli Tepe sont intéressants du fait de leur ensevelissement apparemment volontaire vers 8200 BC. Göbekli Tepe , also known as Girê Mirazan or Xirabreşkê (Kurdish), is an archaeological site in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey approximately 15 km (9 mi) as the crow flies or 30 km (19 mi) by car, northeast of the city of Şanlıurfa. Klaus Schmidt led much of the excavation until 2014, and Schmidt was a part of the German Archaeological Institute. The earliest possible date of the filling can be determined using radiocarbon dating of the pedogenic carbonate coatings left on the columns in the enclosures. Göbekli Tepe is the oldest megalithic structure ever found on earth. Banning, E.B. It has long been considered the world's oldest temple and even thought by some to be the site of the Garden of Eden. Not everyone agreed with the idea (and Bauvall has since gone off into some truly wacky stuff), but experts thought it had merit — despite being innovative (outside the mainstream). The tell (artificial mound) has a height of 15 m (50 ft) and is about 300 m (1,000 ft) in diameter. It stimulated responses that were also published in that journal. When Hancock submits his work to peer review and it’s endorsed by real experts (he’s not one – he’s a journalist), then I’ll be happy to post that. A large temple like of YHWH’s had living quarters for priests and storage space, but it wasn’t the size of a whole city. One of them is E. B. Banning, author of “So Fair a House: Göbekli Tepe and the Identification of Temples in the Pre-Pottery Neolithic of the Near East,” Current Anthropology 52:5 (October 2011): 619-660. Claims regarding ritual structures at other similar sites in the region have also been made, though the sites always exhibit the same differentiation between residential space and religious space as seen in Nevalı Çori. The first bus of the day leaves from … Andrew Collins claims that the fauna depicted in the carvings on the pillars represent a "weird menagerie," and that this could be evidence of an ark, given that Göbekli Tepe is 700 km away from Mount Ararat, the favored pseudoarchaeological site for Noah's Ark. This includes five-metre high limestone pillars, intricately decorated with animal figures. We have books like 1491 that essentially re-told the archaeology of the Americas and it was nothing like the general consensus even 20 years prior. For example, the "missing" trash pit could be found in a future excavation.  Additionally, the existence of contemporary communities to Göbekli Tepe in the surrounding region indicate that humanity did not arise from Göbekli Tepe, as well as the evidence of communities in other regions. Linda Moulton Howe seems incredulous that such great pillars could be erected in that time period. This would mean that the site would be the oldest known temple or collection of temples, As noted in Banning's paper entitled "So Fair a House: Göbekli Tepe and the Identification of Temples in the Pre-Pottery Neolithic of the Near East," Banning points out that there are many examples of ritual structures in relatively mundane locations, like habitations. Of hunter-gatherers. [ 6 ] here all the evidence is certainly not with. Houses of gods — not domiciles for the German archaeological Institute Istanbul University and University Chicago... 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